Locked in between the Greater and Lesser Caucasus mountain ranges, the region has always been a geopolitical hub shaped by the influences of other powers and cultures. Nonetheless, despite these influences, unique cultures and languages have emerged that survive right up to the present day. Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan are the nations in southern Caucasus that are home to these cultures and languages.

When talking about the Caucasus, the view from the West is mostly based on stereotypes such as ‘wild’, ‘dangerous’, ‘proud’, and ‘cruel’. The region is viewed as an ethnic patchwork. However, this construct is also the outcome of a West European perspective with roots going far back in history. Historically, culturally, economically, religiously, ethnically, and politically, the region is multi-layered and multi-faceted.